Chromone containing sulfonamides as potent carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
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A series of sulfonamide derivatives incorporating substituted 3-formylchromone moieties were investigated for the inhibition of three human carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC 184.108.40.206) isoforms, hCA I, II, and VI. All these compounds, together with the clinically used sulfonamide acetazolamide, were investigated as inhibitors of the physiologically relevant isozymes I, II (cytosolic), and VI (secreted isoform). These sulfonamides showed effective inhibition against all these isoforms with K's in the range of 0.228 to 118 mu M. Such molecules can be used as leads for discovery of novel effective CA inhibitors against other isoforms with medicinal chemistry applications.